Tuesday, December 24, 2019
ABSTRACT Gang violence is a serious problem in USA, and no one is immune from the impact that gangs and youth violence can have on a community. Today, the gangs and the aspects of the violence they attract, draw young people from all walks of life, socio-economic backgrounds, races and ethnic groups. Youth violence is a problem not only for law enforcement but also for the community. Drive-by shootings, carjacking, home invasions and the loss of innocent life have become too frequent, destroying lives and ripping apart the fabric of communities. Street gangs are very fluid in nature, and while it is fairly easy to develop intelligence information about them, many times the information is outdated almost before it is disseminated toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These databases act as the repository of shared gang-related information. NEGIS five databases are as follows: Email communication: Email is being utilized as part of NEGIS to facilitate communications between the different states. E-mail service with Ã¢â¬Å"file attachmentÃ¢â¬ option is provided to users through this database. Investigators can have first hand knowledge from specific investigators of other states, they can post queries and get responses by E-mail Even though it seems as if this piece is just a throw-in because it comes as a standard part of Notes, it has taken on great importance because the majority of the states had no interstate Email capability in the past. SPIN Database SPIN is the intelligence module of NEGIS and was adapted from the Connecticut SPIN system. The original plan was to have an intelligence piece developed specifically for NEGIS, but the cut in the grant money resulted in the participants having to use the existing SPIN development effort as part of NEGIS. Because SPIN was not designed to be shared between states the component resides only in Connecticut. NEGIS users from other states must submit a request to Connecticut to be resolved. Library of Gang Related Material The Library of Gang Related Material is a reference database that contains general information likeShow MoreRelatedThe Mission Of The Sdwcc Task Force Essay1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe West Coast Crips gang by creating a renewed community confidence and enhanced quality of life through a three pronged prevention, intervention, and suppression strategy. We will educate community members on the negative impacts of gang participation and attractive alternatives for families, and in particular the youth, in a robust prevention effort. We will utilize law enforcement and other emerging resources, to engineer intervention solutions for those at risk of gang membership and those alreadyRead MoreEssay on Gang Reduction Program1407 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn 2003 as a response to communities with a large amount and growing number of youth gangs the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), a branch of the U.S. Department of Justice, initiated the Gang Reduction Program (G RP) (U.S. Department of Justice 2008). The formation of gangs is seen as a response to system failures and community dysfunction. As a result, one of OJJPDÃ¢â¬â¢s anti-gang initiatives is to make communities safer and have a pro-social environment (U.S. DepartmentRead MoreSocial Media And Its Effect On Society1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Instagram, and Snapchat numerous social revolutions have been sparked and accelerated in their efforts such as Ã¢â¬Å"Black Lives MatterÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Blue Lives MatterÃ¢â¬ , and the Egyptian Revolution. Social media, through the benefits to society, the educational system, as well as to the population as a whole, has proven to help society by informing and protecting social media users and nonusers alike. Social media has proven to be a vital aspect in stopping crime. Local police officers use social mediaRead MoreLos Zetas: Mexicos Second Most Powerful Drug Cartel Essay example1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconnections in the cocaine supply chain, helped establish Los Zetas in the drug smuggling business. Utilizing his connections in Central America and within the United States, Trevino was able to setup a narcotics network from Columbia into Texas and as far north as Chicago (S. Logan 2012). Enlisting these connections, Trevino was able to bolster the abilities of Los Zetas organization and expand their operations. Trevino has also been noted for his reputation of brutality by frequently burning his enemiesRead MoreThe Vietnamese Culture Essay1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLearned In essence, cultural practices are not genetic; rather, they are learned through socialization. When a child is born, he or she does not know the norms and customs of society, but through socialization with the parents, peers, school and other systems, he or she adopts cultural practices. Culture is social-culture develops in the society through daily interactions of different members. It, therefore, helps men to develop qualities that define them as human beings in a social environment CultureRead MoreBrazil s Independence Of Brazil996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescultures. It is made up of 26 states and has a total population of 205,823,665 people. The two largest ethnic groups are White at 47.7 percent and mulatto (mixed white and black) at 43.1 percent of the population. Most of the population lives on the east coast, specifically the cities of Sao Paulo, Brasilia, and Rio de Janeiro, and they live under a federal presidential republic government. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, but there are less common languages spoken such as Spanish, EnglishRead MoreDifferent Aspects Of The Vietnamese Culture Essay1479 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLearned In essence, cultural practices are not genetic; rather, they are learned through socialization. When a child is born, he or she does not know the norms and customs of society, but through socialization with the parents, peers, school and other systems, he or she adopts cultural practices. Social norms and culture develop in the society throughout the daily interactions of different members. OneÃ¢â¬â¢s culture helps men develop qualities that define them as human beings in a social environment. CultureRead MoreJuvenile Crime And Juvenile Delinquency1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat needs attention. It is thought that juvenile offenders do not cope as well with the criminal justice system as well as adults may be able to and therefore there needs to be a focus on how the system can better aid in the rehabilitation of these youthful offenders and lower the chances and opportunities for those same offenders to reenter into the juvenile and adult criminal justice system once again. This study aims to determine, amid all of the varied causes for juvenile crime, the prevailingRead MoreEssay about Effects of Influences3563 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesinfluence on a juvenile to become a delinquent. All the risk factors and protective factors will be outlined in order to predict the chance of a child developing into a delinquent, then continuing to commit crimes as he/she grows to adulthood. The information will help clarify the key purpose of this paper, which is to determine the strongest protective and risk factors. Doing this will highlight the type of interventions most useful to counter the risk factors that influence a juvenile to become delinquentRead MoreEssay on Police in Ontario3771 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesmunicipal police force. The 10 regional police services provided in southern Ontario are all part of the municipal police force including Halton and Peel Regional Police. Each division is then divided further into sub divisions for units such as guns and gangs or the emergency task force. The O.P.P. are the police that enforce the laws where the municipal police donÃ¢â¬â¢t. Currently there are only three provincial police forces in Canada, the O.P.P. the Surete de Quebec, and the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary
Sunday, December 15, 2019
Jacob Erdy Prof. Molyneaux ENG 110 10/18/12 Gender and Sexual Exploitation in Advertisement In Two Ways a Woman Can Get Hurt, Jean Kilbourne sheds a feminist light on the blatant exploitation of sexuality and violence against women and men in modern advertisement. Kilbourne then goes on to explain the damage these advertisements have on todayÃ¢â¬â¢s culture and rising generations. We will write a custom essay sample on Gender and Sexual Exploitation in Advertisement or any similar topic only for you Order Now Kilbourne argues, in the past twenty years or so there has been a steady increase of advertisements featuring pornographic elements along with other inappropriate themes such as Ã¢â¬Å"bondage, sadomasochism, and the sexual exploitation of children. Ã¢â¬ (576). Such images as a jean ad where a women is being attacked by three men in an alley is a perfect example of an event that should be seen as tragic but is written off as just a way to convince people to buy a product. An interesting point that Kilbourne brings up is since these images have become more and more apparent throughout everyday life, such as in magazines, newspapers, and television commercials, Ã¢â¬Å"most of us become numb to these images, just as we become numb to the daily litany in the news of women being raped, battered, and killed. Ã¢â¬ (584). Unfortunately, this statement is undeniably true, after being conditioned to believe that these exploitative ads are acceptable most of us would not even take a second glance if one was found in a magazine or newspaper. This is when these advertisements become dangerous, argues Kilbourne. She doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that these advertisements cause crimes against women, but when these crime arise these ads somewhat justify certain actions because of their omnipresence in society. I agree with Kilbourne, these advertisements do portray a world where crimes against women are acceptable, which in result, make people believe there is some sort of justification of these crimes when they are brought up. These exploitative ads need to be curbed in hopes to Ã¢â¬Å"thaw outÃ¢â¬ societyÃ¢â¬â¢s opinions and tolerance for crimes against women. How to cite Gender and Sexual Exploitation in Advertisement, Papers
Saturday, December 7, 2019
Question: Write essay on "Whats the best for business: utilitarianism or deontology?"The essay require: 1. Research and review of the contemporary literature in the topic area. 2. A range go citations and reference that should demonstrate breadth depth of research. 3. Industry or organization example to be incorporated into the essay as illustrated evidence. 4. A original argument to be built through the use of critical thinking. 5. Critical evaluation in the essay calculation. 6. Appropriate and accurate use of the Harvard reference system. Answer: The main aim of this report is to discuss, between utilitarianism and deontology, what is best for a business. These are two of the major ethical philosophies that are applied to businesses worldwide (Shaw, 2013). The discussion is done by investigating and analyzing the different ideas put forward in the area through existing literature and an argument is based upon the conclusions drawn from these literatures. This is done by first analysing each of the theories separately and their applications in real time businesses and the advantages and disadvantages of applying them to a business. Based on the conclusions, an attempt is made to arrive at an answer as to which of the two ethical philosophies is best for business. Getting Tired of Never-Ending Assignments? Hire an Expert from MyAssignmenthelp and Get the Necessary Assignment Help at a Reasonable Rate. Utilitarianism states that the morality of an action is determined by its consequences. For example, in utilitarianism it is acceptable if others are harmed but the consequence of the action is the well-being of a greater number of people. Deontology (Kant, 1788), on the other hand implies that the morality of any action basically depends upon intrinsic nature of the action (Conway Gawronski, 2013). That is, regardless of whatever the consequence of the action may be, harming others is not acceptable. In Utilitarianism, the act does not matter. Preference is only given to the outcome. There are two versions of utilitarianism; act utilitarianism (Brandt, 1972) and rule utilitarianism. The former version concerns with the notion that, a particular action is recommended and acceptable if it consequently increases happiness. And this is the default version of the theory. The action here is most important and the action is analysed on the lines of good consequences it produces. For example, if we consider a pharmaceutical company, the release of an officially approved medicine with a few side effects can be justified based on act utilitarianism (Brusseau, 2014). In this case the pharmaceutical company is operating on the principle that though the medicine causes side effects in a few patients, it helps increased number of patients in recovering from a particular disease. Therefore, the overall good is sufficiently greater than the bad. The Rule utilitarianism concerns with the notion that any action if it is based on a rule that, it increases the general happiness when applied uniformly to everyone is morally right. This rules aims at maximizing the overall utility. The focus here is on the rule for acting and not on the action itself. For example, in case of airline industry, it has tiered pricing for the same service to different customers. The pricing is different for economy, business and first class airline customers. Now, all the customers travel to the same destination for the same amount of time but the business class and first class customers pay much more than the economy customers and they also get more amenities for their price. The price difference can be justified on the basis of rule utilitarianism on the argument that it helps the airline industries in easing of the finance to accommodate the economy class. The 1972 Ford Pinto case is a classic example of utilitarianism in business (Velasquez, 2001). Because of the increasing gas prices, the then president of Ford, Lee Iaccoca modelled the Ford Pinto and wanted to rush it into production to compete with the Japanese manufacturers in producing fuel efficient smaller cars. This car was slated to cost two thousand US Dollars and was rushed into early testing and production. During the testing, it was noted that the positioning of the gas tank in the rump of the car left it vulnerable to collisions in rear-end of the car. Especially collisions at a speed greater than twenty miles per hour might cause the tank to break and result in serious burning repercussions. When it was debated whether or not to go ahead with the production of the vehicle, on utilitarian terms it was decided to send the pinto out. According to estimates from Ford, over the next ten years nearly sixty people died in fiery accidents and around one hundred and twenty people got seriously injured after which the pinto was phased out. The cost came lesser than it would have taken for Ford to remodel the gas tank and increase the price of the vehicle. On the basis of utilitarian argument Fords decision was justified since the overall good was higher. The car was beneficial to a broader number of people. The theory is based on the focus on ultimate happiness even if an action or decision caused pain to certain people. How right the decision was isnt taken into account. The decision sure did increase the profits for Ford but it cost human lives. Can human lives be quoted a price? There lies the danger in applying utilitarianism to businesses. There are other utilitarian versions. Monetized utilitarianism denotes the measuring of overall happiness on the basis of monetary benefits. A classic example of this would be the above mentioned Ford Pinto case. The decision here is purely objective and is advantageous when applied to complex situations involving lot of people. The Hedonistic Utilitarianism or traditional utilitarianism was proposed by Jeremy Bentham. According to him [Bentham] pleasure and happiness are synonymous. This approach seeks to increase pleasure while idealistic utilitarianism as described John Stuart Mill agreed with Benthams theory and also distinguished low and high brow sensations. In deontology, the decision or action is basically focussed on whether the action is right or wrong. For example, if we consider the same Ford Pinto case, a business operating on the deontological principle would definitely have decided to stop with the production or remodel the gas tank. This approach is based on a set of moral values and individual rights. A deontologist would not send the car into production unless he/she is absolutely sure that no harm would come from the design defects of the car to anybody who purchases it and even if only a small number of people are being harmed, it is still unacceptable. For example, consider a citizen following the law. He/she is a deontologist considering the he/she follows the law because he/she is supposed to do it and that it is his/her duty. The consequences dont matter. And an employee who follows rules in firm also follows deontology because he follows rules because he agreed to follow them. Just because he agreed, it is his duty to follow it and this action is of the highest virtue. Consider a customer service manager. If he is a follower of deontology and has strong duty based ethics, he will adhere firmly to the company policies and not make any provisions for the customer, because as far as he is considered, adhering to company policies is a part of her job and deviating would mean deviating from morals. This may be a disadvantage as it may sometimes result in dissatisfaction of customers. A utilitarian in this case would allow exceptions for customers because he is more concerned about the consequence, which is keeping his customers happ y. Thus deontological theories insist that even if morally favourable ends are obtained, some actions are never right. The act is here is independent of the outcome. Immanuel Kant developed the most known theory of deontology according to which emotions, inclinations and consequences has no role when it comes to performing moral duties. One of the biggest drawbacks of the deontological theory is that it doesnt consider the outcome at all. And it is not advisable to discount outcome of an action altogether. For example, deontology forbids lying universally. But lying for a good cause is permissible especially when saying the truth can be destructive. For instance, let us consider Sheryl Weinstein in the Bernie Madoff Case (Velasquez, 2001). Bernie Madoffs Ponzi scheme was a disaster. His original idea was to manoeuvre complicated financial businesses and he sought money from investors with this in mind. After a few early losses when his business wasnt growing, he started borrowing money from new investors and channelling them to the old investors claiming that it was through the success of his manoeuvre. In this case he temporarily lied for the overall good of everybody. His intention was to succeed and get all the money back but it didnt happen and he had to eventually go to jail. In a utilitarian point of view this was justified. But if he had followed deontology and said only the truth, it could have saved him from going to jail even though he would have been left with nothing. This is where categorical imperative comes into the picture and acts on the rule that the actions of a person should be in such a way that it can be universalized. Considering the universal rule that lying is not acceptable, Sheryl Weinstein should not lie about her twenty year affair with Madoff. But the best action in this case would be to either lie or hide the truth either of which is not acceptable according to deontology. The truth in this case causes only defamation. The problem with this theory basically is that it sounds good in theory but it is really difficult when it comes to applying it for practical purposes. For instance, in case of Eddy Lepp, medical marijuana grower in Northern California, he had license from the California regulators but the Federal agencies forbid the growth of the drug. This drug has soothing effects for nausea and remedied vomiting in case of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (Brusseau, 2014). On the negative side, his action was breaking the law but the positive outcome was a large number of patients benefitted from the drug. If according to deontology the means justify the ends, the moral thing to do is to accept the truth and not lie. If ends should justify the means, then the morals change. In the debate between utilitarian versus deontological moral actions and judgements, sometimes, actions leading to maximum utility are morally impermissible (like the Ford Pinto case). Sometimes, adhering to moral values to do the right thing instead of making a mistake is morally required while sometimes it is necessary to consider the result of a morally right action. Therefore, there is no one business ethics. But when applying these ethics to business it is to be noted that it is important to perform only those actions that will result positively for the business. Doing something because it is morally right even though you know that it will reflect badly on the business is stupidity. In concluding, both deontology and utilitarianism have crucial implications when it comes to business. Both the theories can be applied in businesses. The cost-benefit analysis of utilitarianism is the most favourable way to evaluate whether a business decision is moral and is very important. Similarly, according to the categorical imperative in deontological theories rules out certain universalized practices such as theft, fraud, corruption etc. in business and form the basic elements of business ethics. But considering the practical feasibility of both the theories, deontology is very difficult when it comes to practising and requires value ethics to make it feasible (Van Staveren, 2007). Further, the main objective of any business is to gain profits and since the fundamental crux of utilitarianism is to maximize utility and focus on the overall good consequences, it may be said that utilitarianism is better for business comparatively. References 1. Conway, P. and Gawronski, B. (2013). Deontological and utilitarian inclinations in moral decision making: A process dissociation approach.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(2), pp.216-235. 2. Smart, J. and Williams, B. (1973).Utilitarianism. Cambridge [England]: University Press. 3. Brusseau, J. (2014). The Business Ethics Workshop, v.1.0. Flat World Education, Inc. 4. Velasquez, M., Andre, C., Shanks, T., and Meyer, M.J. (1989). Calculating Consequences: The Utilitarian Approach to Ethics. Issues in Ethics, 2(1). 5. Velasquez, M. G. (2001). Business Ethics Concepts and Cases. Business Ethics, Anderson University DBA. 6. Van Staveren, I. (2007). Beyond Utilitarianism and Deontology: Ethics in Economics.Review of Political Economy, 19(1), pp.21-35. 7. Fahey, T. (2012). Utilitarianism versus Deontology. 8.Baugher, D., and Weisbord, E. (n.d.) Egoism, Justice, Rights, and Utilitarianism: Students View of Classical Ethical Positions in Business. Journal of Academic and Business Ethics. 9.Kissiah, C.J. (2014). The Deontological and Utilitarian Cases for Rectifying Structural Injustice in Sweatshop Labour Ethics: A critical Assessment. CMC Senior Theses. Paper 923. 10.Donaldson, T. (2003). Editors Comments: Taking ethics seriously A mission now more possible. Academy of Management Review, 28, pp. 363-366. 11. Gatewood, R. D., Carroll, A. B. (1991). Assessment of ethical performance of organizational members: A conceptual framework. Academy of Management Review, 16(4), 667-690. 12. Shaw, W.H., Barry, V., Issa, T., and Catle, B. (2013). Moral Issues in Business: 2nd Asia Pacific Edition.
Saturday, November 30, 2019
Introduction Radio wave technology is the use of airwaves in transmitting and receiving information. It is the foundation of most of our communication in the present day. Radio waves fall under the group of waves termed electromagnetic radiation, which travel at the speed of light (3Ãâ"108 m/s).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Power Generation from Radio Wave Technology specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These types of waves (including light, infrared, microwaves and x-rays) are classified based on their wavelengths and frequencies. The frequencies of radio waves lie between 300GHz to 3 kHz with wavelengths of 1mm to 100km. Some of the communication equipments that use radio waves include satellite dishes, radar, radios, television, mobile phones and wireless internet. The use of radio waves for powering electronic devices had not been exploited due to the nature of waves to weaken and dissipate as they spread due to their interaction with other waves and matter. Recently, a growing interest in alternative sources of energy that could provide efficient power in remote and sensitive locations has led to research into radio wave power generation. This paper looks at the history of radio waves and how power can be generated from them and how it can be applied in electronic devices. History and growth of radio wave technology The history of radio waves as medium for transmitting information started way back in the 1860s when James Clerk Maxwell, a physicist from Scotland, envisaged the existence of the waves. His prediction was enhanced in 1886 by Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, a German physicist, who went a notch further to show how variation of electric current could be sent into space as radio waves (Bellis 3). He was able to generate and compute the first waves by using an oscillator for transmitting the waves and a metal loop for detecting them (Parker 3). In 1895 Guglielmo Marconi, from Italy, sent a radio signal over a distance of 100m and received it. He used crafted antenna, transmitter, and condenser and had connections on the ground that could receive the signals. He also sent a wireless signal across the English Channel in 1899(Bellis 5), a distance of 3.5 miles. In addition, Nikola Tesla helped in developing and enhancing wireless radio transmitters.Advertising Looking for research paper on natural sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ships started using wireless telegraphy for sending distress calls while at sea. In 1899, the U.S Army adopted the wireless system and in 1901, the Navy also adopted the system. Lee Deforest invented the space telegraph in the early 1900s where amplifiers were used to strengthen weak signals (Bellis 12). Marconi was able to transmit voice in 1914 over a distance of 50 miles (Bellis 12). Over time, many people aided in developing and enhancing radio wave communicatio n and today we have 4G technologies that send information at very high speeds, besides audio and video streaming. Power generation using radio waves Electromagnetic radiation and photons Electromagnetic waves can be said to have an atomic structure and can either generate or expend energy (Ã¢â¬Å"Electromagnetic wavesÃ¢â¬ par. 7). The electromagnetic radiation, in quantum terms, is said to have photons transporting energy (Joules). A single photon has energy equal to hf. h is PlanckÃ¢â¬â¢s constant =6.626Ãâ"10-34 J s and f =frequency of photon v is the velocity of light= 3Ãâ"108 m/s and Ã » =wavelength of photonAdvertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Power Generation from Radio Wave Technology specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Collection of radio waves energy Radio wave energy can be collected and harnessed using various equipments and components. The generation circuit has components such as antenn a, capacitors, diodes, transistors, inductors and resistors. The antenna is used for receiving the electromagnetic signal. This signal received is then rectified. The rectifying circuit is made of diodes. Once the signal has been rectified, it is boosted before being stored in capacitors. The power stored is used to drive a load or resistor via a switching circuit. Figure 1: Block diagram for ground circuit for capturing radio waves Figure 2: Circuit diagram for capturing and generating power from radio waves MOS transistors are used for switching or controlling the stored power to the load. The source of the MOSFET (for switching) is connected to the storage capacitor with the drain connected to the load. The link between the capacitor and load is created when the voltage of the stored charge is equivalent to the sum of the threshold voltages of both MOSFETs (Ishida et al. 4). Potential of radio wave harvesting Radio wave energy can be efficiently and sufficiently harvested if various factors are considered. These are:Advertising Looking for research paper on natural sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Using powerful receivers which detect a wide range of frequencies as well as arresting a high concentration of the wasted waves Ensuring energy is obtained at low power density from sensors located far-off from the source for energy obtained varies inversely with distance (1/d2) Ensuring the voltage generated from the source is greater than 0.3V (1 milliwatt) for satisfactory conversion of all incoming wave Using high quality circuits and transistors Applications of the power generated using radio waves Power generated by radio waves is quite small ranging from a few microwatts to hundreds of milliwatts. The power generated can be used in devices such as: LED monitor lights Sensors LCD display thermometer Implants in the biomedical field Charging the battery for cell phones Safety hard hat Possibility of radio waves technology replacing batteries Nowadays, there is a high requirement for efficient energy sources. Furthermore, the sources should be mobile and flexible. Batteries are usually bulky, require regular maintenance and have a limited life and as such require constant replacement. With the rapid advancement in technology where electronic gadgets and devices are continually made smaller and efficient, their energy requirements have decreased over time. Proper harnessing of radio wave energy could provide an alternative source of energy for powering small electrical devices such as sensors. This is through capturing the electricity produced by the radio waves and is depended on how far the transmitter is and the magnitude of the power generated by the transmitter. The power that can be harnessed from these waves is in the range of microwatts to milliwatts which can be sufficient for powering the devices especially in remote locations. Thus, there is a possibility of radio waves technology replacing batteries. Conclusion and personal thought about radio wave technology application in future Energy harnessed from wasted radio waves is small. This energ y may not be adequate to power large electronic devices but technology has been changing very rapidly in the recent years. Many companies are developing gadgets that are very small, thus requiring less power. For example, the mobile phone industry has seen a reduction in the size of the phones but with more installed phone features and applications. Nokia has come up with a harvesting device embedded in a cell phone. This device is able to charge the phoneÃ¢â¬â¢s battery (Dixon 3). This means that in the future, many miniature gadgets will have been developed which will totally rely on radio frequency energy. Furthermore, radio wave energy will provide a reliable source of energy since the use of cell phones, television, radios and other communication devices is on the rise. Works Cited Bellis, Mary. The Invention of Radio. 2012. Web. Dixon, Bryn. Radio Frequency Energy Harvesting. 2010. Web. Electromagnetic Waves. 2010. Web. Ishida, Makoto, Kazuaki Sawada, Hidekuni Takao, and Min oru Sudo. Power Generation Circuit using Electromagnetic Wave. 2011. Web. Parker, Bev. The History of Radio. Web. This research paper on Power Generation from Radio Wave Technology was written and submitted by user Ernesto C. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
blood cell essays Blood is composed of cells and fluid, contain many inorganic and organic molecules. Functions of blood could be falls into three categories: transport, defense and regulation, they all have different function. Blood transport oxygen and nutrients and removes waste from the body. It also transports hormones, which control the body's organ. Blood defense pathogens such as bacteria and viruses and it clots, which prevents the loss of blood. In regulatory functions, blood helps maintain body temperature A molecule cells use in cellular respiration, transport oxygen, is called red blood cells. Red blood cells also known as erythrocytes, they are very small. There are about 4 to 6 millions of red blood cells in our whole blood. It's containing a respiratory pigment called hemoglobin. It's carries oxygen and it is red in color. In red blood cell, it's contains about 200 million hemoglobin molecules. If we losing a big amount of hemoglobin in our blood, our blood will become thicker, so then is hard to All blood cells are produced from stem cells with in the red bone marrow. Stem cell, which can divide, and producing new cells into specific type of cells. Red blood cells can only live for 120 days, after that, they will destroyed in the liver and spleen and there are about 2 million cells are destroyed per second. Therefore, an equal number much be produced to keep the cell count in balance. People who are lack of hemoglobin will suffer Blood that playing the role of defends is the white blood cell. White blood cells also known as leukocytes are differ from red blood cells. It's fight infection, they are more largely and being lack hemoglobin. White blood cells are came from the stem cells in the red bone marrow. They defend us against pathogens that have invaded into our body. White blood cells are ...
Friday, November 22, 2019
Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man's work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes,many have heard of Albert Einstein's General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, "The greatest single achievement of human thought." Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1874. Before his first birthday, his family had moved to Munich where young Albert's father, Hermann Einstein, and uncle set up a small electro-chemical business. He was fortunate to have an excellent family with which he held a strong relationship. Albert's mother, Pauline Einstein, had an intense passion for music and literature, and it was she that first introduced her son to the violin in which he found much joy and relaxation. Also, he was very close with his younger sister, Maja, and they could often be found in the lakes that were scattered about the countryside near Munich. As a child, Einstein's sense of curiosity had already begun to stir. A favorite toy of his was his father's compass, and he often marveled at his uncle's explanations of algebra. Although young Albert was intrigued by certain mysteries of science, he was considered a slow learner. His failure to become fluent in German until the age of nine even led some teachers to believe he was disabled. Einstein's post-basic education began at the Luitpold Gymnasium when he was ten. It was here that he first encountered the German spirit through the school's strict disciplinary policy. His disapproval of this method of teaching led to his reputation as a rebel. It was probably these differences that caused Einstein to search for knowledge at home. He began not with science, but with religion. He avidly studied the Bible seeking truth, but this religious fervor soon died down when he discovered the intrigue of science and math. To him, these seemed much more realistic than ancient stories. With this new knowledge he disliked class even more, and was eventually expelled from Luitpold Gymnasium being considered a disruptive influence. Feeling that he could no longer deal with the German mentality, Einstein moved to Switzerland where he continued his education. At sixteen he attempted to enroll at the Federal Institute of Technology but failed the entrance exam. This forced him to study locally for one year until he finally passed the school's evaluation. The Institute allowed Einstein to meet many other students that shared his curiosity, and It was here that his studies turned mainly to Physics. He quickly learned that while physicists had generally agreed on major principals in the past, there were modern scientists who were attempting to disprove outdated theories. Since most of Einstein's teachers ignored these new ideas, he was again forced to explore on his own. In 1900 he graduated from the Institute and then achieved citizenship to Switzerland. Einstein became a clerk at the Swiss Patent Office in 1902. This job had little to do with physics, but he was able to satiate his curiosity by figuring out how new inventions worked. The most important part of Einstein's occupation was that it allowed him enough time to pursue his own line of research. As his ideas began to develop, he published them in specialist journals. Though he was still unknown to the scientific world, he began to attract a large circle of friends and admirers. A group of students that he tutored quickly transformed into a social club that shared a love of nature, music, and of course, science. In 1903 he married Mileva Meric, a mathematician friend. In 1905, Einstein published five separate papers in a journal, the Annals of Physics. The first was immediately acknowledged, and the University of Zurich awarded Einstein an additional degree. The other papers helped to develop modern physics and earned him the reputation of an artist. Many scientists have said that Einstein's work contained an imaginative spirit that was seen in most poetry. His work at this time dealt with molecules, and how their motion affected temperature, but he is most well known for his Special Theory of Relativity which tackled motion and the speed of light. Perhaps the most important part of his discoveries was the equation: E= mc2. After publishing these theories Einstein was promoted at his office. He remained at the Patents Office for another two years, but his name was becoming too big among the scientific community. In 1908, Einstein began teaching party time at
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Culture, Service and Product - Essay Example These barriers have to be addressed so that entering a new market would be successful. This paper comes in two parts. First part discusses glocalization issues, and the second part talks about case of Disneyland as it entered glocalization in HongKong and the soon to be opened Shanghai Disney. Conceptual framework of the study analyzes importance of glocalization, gives its meaning, and how it is applied by Disney in its business practice in setting up its resorts to an environment totally different from its origin. These comes as are positive challenges to the this icon of entertainment. In this study, I borrowed the concept of Luigi and Vineran (n.d.) that proposed: Ã¢â¬Å"in order to be successful globally, managers must act locally in the different markets they chose to enter.Ã¢â¬ Glocalization is coined word from globalization and glocalization which is used describe a product or service that is developed and distributed globally, but is also fashioned to accommodate the user or consumer in a local marketÃ¢â¬ . (Investopedia. n.d.) Glocalization meant differently as to each region because of differences cultures, language, religion, traditions and laws. Luigi, D. and S. Vineran (n.d.) in their study put forward a definition that states: Ã¢â¬Å"providing a global offer (brand, idea, product, idea, or service, etc.) while taking local issues into accountÃ¢â¬ . A global product / service that can face competition from both local and international brands in a better way because it meets certain local needs or preferences at lower costs due the global edge of the company. What key areas does a company need to consider when moving a product/service developed in one country to a different country? How should a company assess how a product or service is being received in a different country? Global marketing has introduced may changes on business approaches, such as the way how a company transacts business to
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Companies engage in CSR because, for a number of reasons, they think it will be good for their profit margins Critically d - Essay Example A multitude of definition of CSR exist, and the range of views on the proper scope and extent of a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s social responsibilities, as well. Whether CSR is about companies giving charities, taking care of the environment, being sympathetic to workers or assisting their communities with expectations of financial gains remain a controversial subject (Bacher, 2007, p 12) The right definition of corporate social responsibility becomes more difficult when real business examples are taken into consideration. For instance, was Google acting in a publicly accountable manner when it put up with the Chinese law by sieving the content found through its google .cn search engine? Was UBS Bank acting socially responsible by opting to spend investorsÃ¢â¬â¢ money to willingly reduce its carbon emission to attend to global warming when there is no legal duty to so. Does Heineken beer firm offer costly HIV/AIDS medication to its African workers and their beneficiaries if this is not anticipate d to bring financial gain to the company? In order to address these questions, it is essential to examine why firms go beyond the bottom line in an attempt to defend their CSR (Adams & Zutshi, 2004, p 32). A possible definition of CSR holds that the idea of social responsibilities presumes that the company has not only economic and lawful obligations, but also definite duties to the community, which go beyond these duties. Another explanation states that social responsibility is the duty of decision makers to take actions that guard and enhance the wellbeing of society as a whole along with their own interests. CSR is also taken to mean the continuing commitment by businesses to act ethically and contribute to economic development whilst enhancing the quality of life of the employees and their relations, the local community and the wider society, as well. Several elements found in various definitions suggest that corporations have duties that go beyond their bottom line (that, is, p roduction of goods and services at a gain). These duties entail helping unravel significant social problems, which the business itself has helped create (Adams, 2008, p 366). Companies have a wider constituency than shareholders only. Organizations serve a broader assortment of human values than can be captured by a sole focus on economic values. Narrower points of view on CSR hold that businesses have two main responsibilities. One is to abide by the elementary canons of each day face to face civility and to seek material gain. The second duty is the fiduciary obligation to investors (owners) is the bedrock of capitalism, and free enterprise will dry up without it. As such, definitions of CSR fall under two broad schools of thought: those with the view that business is mandated only to make profits within the boundaries of minimal ethical and legal compliance. The other school of thought holds that CSR entails broader responsibilities. Numerous factors and influences have resulted in mounting attention being devoted to the role of businesses and corporate social responsibility. They comprise of sustainable development, globalization, corporate sector impact, governance, finance, communications, ethics, leadership, business tool and consistency
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Managing In Hospitality Essay To convince the management, the owner must be able to communicate his ideas and perceptions clearly. The owner might face a bit of difficulty doing this, since the managers have been around for long, and they probably know their trade well. It is still possible, however. One of the things that the owner can do is gain the trust of his managers. However, it cannot be the calculus-based trust or identification-based trustÃ¢â¬âit has to be through organizational citizenship behavior. Specifically, he has to make sure that each member of the management is treated fairly. For instance, with this issue, he must give each and every one a chance to voice out their opinion regarding the upgrading of the hotel, and explain why they are against it. This will let them know that even though the ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas may be in conflict with those of the managementÃ¢â¬â¢s, the owner still values their knowledge and respects their position as managers. Once they all get their chance to share their thoughts, the owner should then explain his side, but trying not to compete with his managers as to which is the better plan, as this will only create friction, in the form of substantive conflict, and it will be even more difficult to convince the management to upgrade the hotel. Instead, the party should negotiate, or bargain, and try to find a common ground. Since everyone has had his side heard by this point, they can address the questions surrounding the issue of why upgrading to a 5-star hotel might be a bad idea, and what can be done to turn this around or to compensate for it. Lastly, the owner should try to control his emotions when explaining his side. No matter how harsh or how blunt the management may be, regarding his decisions as Ã¢â¬Å"unnecessaryÃ¢â¬ , the owner must remain emotionally stable. The same goes for the managementÃ¢â¬âif one of them suddenly starts raising his voice, he should be calmed down before proceeding with the meeting. They should also be reminded of their positionsÃ¢â¬âthey are managers, not ownersÃ¢â¬âand should respect the ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s authority over them. The owner himself should not push his weight around. Works Cited Hunt, Courtney. Ã¢â¬Å"Interpersonal Behavior in the Workplace.Ã¢â¬
Thursday, November 14, 2019
I. Introduction: I undertook this study to prove the legendary story about the Camelot…An historic example of team, effort gone awry. In the legendary story, a few events transformed Camelot from a utopia kingdom into wasteland. This isn't just idle meandering. There are corporate Camelot's, too, (such as my company MobileComm); those companies that started with such promise and fell victim to problems in their teamwork concepts. It is clear to see that team-based systems simply don't work; better controls equals better management. An emphasis on separating workers into specifically defined jobs, having centralized management control, and maintaining a structured chain of command contributes to a much better and more effective workplace situation. It makes more sense, therefore, to stick to traditional structures in the workplace. II. Review Of Literature 1. Blair, Gerard. Groups That Work, www.ee.ed.ac.uk/~gerad/Management/art0 (1998). The effectiveness of the team takes a nosedive, and the productiveness of the team is far less than the individual could have achieved had they not brought together. 2. Blair, Gerard. 'How to Build Quality into your Team'; IEE Engineering Management Journal, (1996). There are certain frameworks within which teams attempt to work. It's the inability to function within these 'frames' that in another disadvantage to teamwork. The 'forming stage'; is when first comes together. Everyone is considered and civil, and allows for everyone to participate. Discussion is slow and guarded since no one wishes to be seen as conflict. Even though it is not verbalized, it's always destructive. 3. Davidmann, Manfred. Style of Management and Leadership, (1982). Business experts have to work together to achieve their goals, and discord in one area can inconvenience many people. It is essential. Therefore, that people cooperate with each other—but organization is the more difficult it is to achieve the necessary degree of cooperation. Larger organizations are usually much less effective using a ream approach, as people tend to work against each other rather than with each other, 4. Rayner Kimball Fisher- Steven Belgard Williams. Tips for Teams (1995). Team members and team leaders typically have problems defining their own roles, making it difficult to work toward results than busying t... ... Blair, Gerard M. "How to Build Quality into your Team" IEE Engineering Management Journal. fwfwfffhttp://spindle-ee- net2.ee.ed.ac.uk/~gerard/Management/ (1996). term papers term papers Blair, Gerard M. Laying the Foundations for Effective Teamwork. term papers http://www.ee.ed.ac.uk/~gerard/Teaching/art0.html (1996). Davidmann, Manfred. Style of Management and Leadership. //www.demon.co.uk/solbaram/articles/clm2.html (1982). Fisher, Kimball-Rayner, Steven-Belgrade, William. Tips for Teams. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1995). Harshman, Carl L.-Philips, Steven L. Teaming Up. (San Diego, CA: Pfeiffer & Co., 1994). Kinlaw, Dennis. Team-Managed Facilitation. (San Diego, CA: Pfeiffer & Co., 1993). Harrington-Mackin, Deborah. Keeping the Team Going. (New York, NY: Amacom, 1996). Mosvick, Roger-Nelson, Robert B. We've Got to Start Meeting Like This. (Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman, 1987). Rayner, Steven R. Team Traps. (New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996). Rees, Fran How to Lead Work Teams. (San Diego, CA: Pfeiffer & Co., 1991). Sayles, L.R. "Leadership for the Nineties." Issues and Observations. (1990): spring, pp. 8-11.
Monday, November 11, 2019
Verizon Wireless aspires for manageable development as a wide market leader in wireless services as well as for dominance in major wireless service markets. In both situations, the Verizon Wireless services will have to do critical roles. Verizon Wireless has the capability to establish its dominance in wireless service markets normally through acquisition of other powerful wireless service companies and their services, which are then integrated into a new, bigger organization. Giving training to its workers, enhancing the organizational functions, and the development of fresh innovations then establishes the positions of the different Verizon Wireless services. This logically leads in economies of scale that empowers the company to form a supply network for both the local and global wireless services. If a market is being managed by other grocery stores, Verizon Wireless dedicates its priorities regarding the establishment of a premium sector with its different wireless services. The goal of Verizon Wireless is to sustain the profitability of the company in a manageable way, while at the same time consistently enhancing the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s operations. The tactics to attain this includes four aspects:1.Working hard in order to attain a dominant level in powerful wireless service markets2.Emphasizing on getting a great share of the wireless service market sectors. 3.Striving in order to enhance the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s efficacy and limit unnecessary expenses in their activities. 4.Consistent development through logical mergers for as long as they are able to establish great shareholder value. In the year 2006, Verizon Wireless was able to experience tremendous improvement in various essential metrics. The inventory was limited from above $50 million down to below $30 million and inventory turns increased from below 15 to more than 25. The expenses of profits, not including the advantage from past miscellaneous expenses and the implemented part of the amortization of untouchable resources, went down from above 70% of earnings to below 70% of earnings. The integration of sales and marketing, researchÃ and technological changes, and general and operational costs was limited from almost $ 400 million down to almost $350 million, while at the same time enhancing on the speed of changes. Verizon WirelessÃ¢â¬â¢ total earnings are estimated to have grown from barely reaching $1 million in the late 20th century to almost $ 900 million last year. B. SWOT Analysis of Verizon WirelessStrengths:Ã¢â¬ ¢has wireless technologies and services that have a reputation for gaining a very strong retail. This involves an emphasis for the value of quality, comfort and various range of games and updated wireless technologies and servicesÃ¢â¬ ¢has expanded tremendously over the past years, and has been in the procedure of growth all over the world. Ã¢â¬ ¢Primary capability relies on the use of information technology (IT) to significantly aid its wireless services and systems. In short, Verizon Wireless can monitor their individual wireless services and their status within the site, or even at other locations. IT also aids Verizon WirelessÃ¢â¬â¢ excellent procurement. Ã¢â¬ ¢is able to provide excellent client satisfaction, as the few levels of work would imply lots of time to dedicate to their clients. Ã¢â¬ ¢Its personnel have formulated a powerful legacy within the market. Ã¢â¬ ¢Has the capability to shift direction immediately if its management realizes that their marketing plan is not working properly. Ã¢â¬ ¢has no debts and financial losses. In short the organization can provide excellent wireless technologies and services to clients on a continuous basis. Weaknesses:Ã¢â¬ ¢is one of the biggest organizations in the wireless service industry but has a meager control of its organization, in spite of its advantages in updated wireless technologies. This could result to a decline in profitability in some locations where they have lesser managerial powers. Ã¢â¬ ¢Since Verizon Wireless sells its wireless services and technologies over different markets, the organization does not possess the versatility that some of its recognized rival companies have. Ã¢â¬ ¢Functions al over the world, but its existence can be found in only selected areas all over the worldÃ¢â¬ ¢Some of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s less famous locations do not possess market legacy or reputationÃ¢â¬ ¢Some of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees do not possess the important wireless service knowledge base in many aspects. Ã¢â¬ ¢Verizon Wireless is still severely hampered to the temporary absences of its employees. Ã¢â¬ ¢The organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s budget is unstable particularly in the early aspects of a new wireless service product innovation. Opportunities:Ã¢â¬ ¢Taking over, acquisitions, or establishing mergers with other wireless service organizations while prioritizing on powerful markets like North America or Europe. Ã¢â¬ ¢The establishment of new locations and branches provide Verizon Wireless the chances to explore market improvements. This could result to the diversification of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s branches. Ã¢â¬ ¢Chances are present for Verizon Wireless to go on with its existing tactic of founding huge extensions all over the globe. Ã¢â¬ ¢Verizon Wireless is continuously growing, with lots of future developments to explore for success. Ã¢â¬ ¢The local personnel of Verizon Wireless are in the process of persuading local wireless service business entities to join them if possible. Ã¢â¬ ¢The rivals of Verizon Wireless may be unable to cope up with the new wireless service innovations particularly the ones that the organizationÃ establishes. Threats:Ã¢â¬ ¢Being a top wireless service organization means that Verizon Wireless is the one to beat in both local and global markets. Ã¢â¬ ¢Being recognized worldwide implies that Verizon Wireless might be immersed to political chaos in the nations where the company has operations. Ã¢â¬ ¢The manufacturing expenses of most wireless services have the chance to decline because of the limited manufacturing costs. Production expenses go down due to the outsourcing to low-cost countries all over the world. This situation could result to fighting in prices, which in turn would lead in the fall of prices in different levels. Tremendous price rivalry must absolutely be classified as a threat. Ã¢â¬ ¢The current changes in wireless service technology which could probably alter the markets might test the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s capability to cope up to these developmentsÃ¢â¬ ¢A slight change in the priority of a huge rival might destroy any market dominance that Verizon Wireless has attained over its existence. This could lead the organization to specialize in quick response but excellent quality wireless services to local companies. This would place intense pressure on the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees to be knowledgeable with the current developments in wireless services where possible. C. External EnvironmentThe wireless service industry can be found at one of the biggest suburban areas and the most densely populated areas all over the globe. Therefore, this implies that with regards to the territorial elements, Verizon Wireless has been able to properly select an environment or site that may give tremendous potential for the wireless service industry to be come famous. The market segments in America represent Verizon WirelessÃ¢â¬â¢ biggest sales and marketing networks which cover local and domestic stores and mass markets. Suppliers represent Verizon WirelessÃ¢â¬â¢ second biggest American network and normally sell to both custom and online markets. In Europe and NorthÃ America, Verizon WirelessÃ¢â¬â¢ market share remains significantly high. It controls more than 50 global stores found all over the world. The organization also utilizes Internet shops as a place to sell its products. This is done through the utilization of Internet advertisements and product discounts. The organization has the power to establish awareness of its products and other technologies through media announcements, international communication initiatives and Verizon Wireless based online services. The organization also makes sure to get opinions from its consumers through consumer studies. The organization then utilizes these opinions to polish its product enhancement initiatives and marketing programs. D. SWOT Analysis EvaluationBased on the SWOT Analysis on Verizon Wireless, budget management is the largest concern for the company. The proper means of using the budget must be carefully analyzed by the company. The study of promoting endeavors has to be done due to the feedback that can inform the organization as to what promotional tools are the correct ones to use. These assessment outcomes can secure Verizon Wireless from wasting its financial resources for the incorrect promotional tools and procedures. Monitoring or assessment involves the application of tools to evaluate promotional appropriateness. The plan can be assessed with regards to the development in sales that is attained at a quarterly and yearly basis. This would immediately connect to the goal of establishing demand and improving sales. Nevertheless, it is essential to put into emphasis that it can be hard to manage for other elements that are likely to bear effects in the market industry, which include the choices of rival companies to improve prices, a change in client likes, or a shift in the entire demand. Luckily, other tools can be utilized to evaluate promotional appropriateness, which connects upon the variance of the marketing goals that have been mentioned earlier. For instance, surveys can be done, which ask regarding the wireless services, identify any development in behaviours regarding the wireless services, and identify whether or not there has been a development in client information or awareness of the wireless services. E. Corporate Level Strategy AnalysisThe primary goal of the corporate level strategy of Verizon Wireless is to guarantee that the company will be recognized in the industry as a business entity that gives excellent wireless services for its target market. Aside from this, Verizon Wireless has the corporate mission to determine the most effective strategy to be utilized in order to transform the wireless service industry into becoming more recognized by the public consumers. Verizon Wireless has four primary corporate strategies:A)Manage its position as one of the primary businesses regarding wireless services. Being the leader of the wireless service industry will propel Verizon Wireless to earn the respect and trust of its customers. Therefore, the organization will have the power to widen its functions through the acquisition of other wireless service organizations. B)Become more financially stable than other wireless service organizations. The raw technologies that are being used in the production of wireless services have to be able to attain excellent standards. If this is achieved, Verizon Wireless will have the capability to become more financially stable as against other rival wireless service organizations. C)Establish an excellent wireless service technology profile, with Verizon Wireless as the global label of flagship; andD)Establishing its freedom. Being a free organization will enable Verizon Wireless to go on with its reputation of excellence in both its wireless services and products by establishing fresh innovations and measures. F. Business Level Strategy AnalysisIn the situation of Verizon Wireless, its business level strategy that it utilizes to propel itself in the wireless service industry involves the utilization of advertisements. To be able to inform the target of the organization regarding the presence of the wireless service industry, Verizon Wireless utilizes media advertising, online and other media and news advertisements. These marketing procedures are supportive to propel Verizon Wireless at the top of the wireless serviceÃ industry. Business Level Strategies Ã¢â¬â PriorityThe primary emphasis of the business level strategy is to enable Verizon Wireless to be recognized in the market. In order to attain this, the utilization of an excellent business plan through an effective business interaction plan is always put into emphasis. In addition, interaction is an essential element of the company. Through excellent communication, Verizon Wireless is able to transfer knowledge and learn from each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s capabilities and knowledge. In this specific business level strategy of Verizon Wireless, the essential aspect that is given priority is the advertisement and interactive campaign of the company. Normally, advertisement or interactive campaigns of Verizon Wireless are well known as an open sponsorship of given goods, products and any concepts through the utilization of any channels of interaction. In this respect, there are various types of channels that are utilized for advertisements and interactive campaign objectives of Verizon Wireless. Generally, in this IMC perspective, the emphasis is put on advertisement and wireless services promotion. Business Level Strategy Ã¢â¬â By SegmentThe excellent business level strategy of Verizon Wireless reflects a continuous process and style to all its activities. The business level strategies of the company arrive to signify the new emphasis of its marketing field in incorporating the interactive elements to connect to all of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s clients and not just its basic consumers (Levinson, 1998). Aside from this the business level strategy proceeds with the objective of determining and improving the mutual connection of the organization to its clients by giving means to establish relationship with clients through advertisements. The usual consumer market of Verizon Wireless involves international clients and local clients as well. In this way, in order to guarantee that the target market is able to know the presence of Verizon Wireless, the business level strategy utilized by the company is putting priority to each of the target market in both local and global scenes. Quarterly Business Level Strategy- SalesIn this business level strategy, Verizon Wireless implements the marketing procedure in attaining interactions and promotion of the organization and the wireless services that it gives. This business level strategy is implemented quarterly. In performing this, the following interactive media is used:Ã¢â¬ ¢TV, print, and communication mediaSome of the marketing channels that are normally utilized by Verizon Wireless in order to make their wireless services well known are the TV, print, and communication media. In connection with the company, it also utilizes these media channels in order to be recognized by various clients anytime and in any place. AdvertisingA very famous process of promotion used by Verizon Wireless is through advertisements. Advertisements of the company are very expensive but like all marketing plans, it is not classified as a cost but an asset by the company. The expenses for excellent advertisements may be significantly high but the good outcomes are all worth it for Verizon Wireless (Silk, 2006). Advertisement is the right approach for Verizon Wireless for the similar reason of improving awareness and making an impact towards client perceptions. Also, advertisement through media can be felt by larger groups of people all over the world, therefore the information is transferred to a larger part of the target market of Verizon Wireless. Quarterly Business Level Strategy- Public RelationsPublic relations and publicity are different plans established by Verizon Wireless to inform or secure the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation or its wireless services. The benefit of this mechanism is that it improves the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation and it allows Verizon Wireless to be recognized due to the excellent image than its rivals. In this way, Verizon Wireless often does a publicly connected endeavor every quarter to guarantee that the organization follows its social roles in the site. One of the excellent means to implement this is through sponsorship. The company often sponsors a well-known organization every quarter. G. Structure and Control Systems AnalysisA matrix framework overlays twoÃ company forms in order to exhibit the advantages of both. Some world companies implement a matrix framework that mixes territorial with product teams. The product-based framework enables Verizon Wireless to explore world economies of scale, whereas the territorial framework manages information close to the necessities of each and every nation. The company also possesses degrees of matrix framework, implying that every divisional team of Verizon Wireless has particular roles, but some topics must be decided in unison across all of these teams. Rather than mixing two separate frameworks, some matrix frameworks overlap an operational framework with project groups. Workers at Verizon Wireless are tasked to a cross-operational project group, yet they also belong to an established operational group to which they come back when a project is finished (Cameron, 2004). The matrix framework of Verizon Wireless is implemented through the hiring and recruitment of new workers whose knowledge and work ethics jive with the culture. Verizon Wireless was going into a new market that will recruit a number of highly qualified people from other organizations to support the new initiatives. The matrix framework of Verizon WirelessÃ¢â¬â¢ organizational structure may need for getting new workers aboard. This procedure usually happens immediately after the workers are recruited, and may be a means to slowly teach the different functional teams with a new culture. A matrix framework is implemented systematically or informally, probably through training of new workers or through a sequence of interactions to current workers at Verizon Wireless. A matrix framework is helpful in the company and management of shared value mechanisms (Hiatt, 2003). Therefore, culture at Verizon Wireless is shared through obvious or invisible ways and studies indicate that invisible means of interaction seem to be more efficient in altering culture than visible means of interaction and the visible and invisible interaction is depended on to give outside justification for the matrix framework and encourage company workers at Verizon Wireless to adjust to the new company practices and ethics. Nelson (2005) mentions that there are three fundamental procedures of decision-making: the top-down method, the democratic method, and theÃ subculture method. Top-down or implemented decision-making does not normally happen in the company structure of Verizon Wireless, because their management knows that it normally leads in developments that are hard to manage, even though they may be effortless to tell to the employees. In short, they know that top-down methods may lead in forced compliance from the employees of Verizon Wireless, but in reality they do not totally agree to it. Therefore, Verizon Wireless implements the democratic methods to decision-making which are hard and eat up a lot of time, but the dedication and trust to the development is more effective than an altered work setting which enhances outputs and results of Verizon Wireless. Procedures of assessment of the decision-making structure of Verizon Wireless involves monitoring, evaluating the efficiency, or comparison of basic elements with original aspects identified during the inner company investigation. A development in the major frequency mixed with a dormancy of company efficiency at Verizon Wireless could imply that the major factors were not identified properly. The culture, in short, has developed with low or negative effects on company efficiency. It is clear, nevertheless, that culture can either support or significantly delay a selected tactic and further comprehension of cultural inspirations may be tantamount to entire comprehension of efficient strategic development. H. RecommendationsMajority of the triumphant activities of Verizon Wireless rely tremendously on excellent interpersonal interaction and relationship among the individuals and the entire company. Bounded with a unified objective, the control of developments at Verizon Wireless must be always coordinated with the individuals that will benefit or workers that will immediately feel the impacts. Discussing the objective of development at Verizon Wireless must be always important. Interaction is the highly recommended way that the managers at Verizon Wireless must use. Obtaining the trust of the employees at Verizon Wireless and managing a smooth professional relationship must always be emphasized, because it is always a critical factor to an excellent flow of company functions. But all these will be put to naught if topics and dilemmas brought about by improper governance and added with the misunderstandings between managers and workersÃ of Verizon Wireless will emerge along the way. Handling the interaction and knowledge that Verizon Wireless utilizes in its everyday functions must be prioritized in the company. Knowledge is the blood stream of the organization on which every worker; employee and manager strive on. It must be utilized in order to attain the needs of the customers of Verizon Wireless. This is the reason why there must be always an appropriate interaction and knowledge management flow within the company. Also, the impact of a development affects workers of Verizon Wireless as well as the company for a long period of time. The necessities and traits must be always taken into consideration in interacting planning and making choices within Verizon Wireless (Rickards, 1999). Direct communication between the management and the workers must be effective enough to provide solutions to problems and potential threats to the employees of Verizon Wireless particularly on the issues and results of the desired development. Interaction between and among the employees and managers of the Verizon Wireless must be always emphasized in order to give a well-operating company function within and outside its limits. WORKS CITED Cameron, E, 2004. Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to the Models, Tools & Techniques of Organizational Change. Kogan PageHiatt, J, 2003. Change Management. Prosci ResearchLevinson, J, 1998. Guerrilla Marketing: Secrets for Making Big Profits from Your Small Business. Houghton Mifflin; 3rd editionNelson, K, 2005. The Change Management Pocket Guide. Change Guides, LLCRickards, T, 1999. Creativity and the Management of Change. Blackwell Publishing LimitedSilk, A, 2006. What Is Marketing? Harvard Business School Press
Saturday, November 9, 2019
The widespread saturation of non-literary narrative forms with which students interact in modern society has resulted in a distinct change in the methods and means of literacy skills and education. Researches have discovered that advantages exist for students who are enrolled in cross-discipline curriculums and specific evidence exists to show that the use of drama within a classroom setting provides and ample boost to the educational experiences and efficacy of students. The TES has reported on research from Durham University which found that primary pupilsÃ¢â¬â¢ academic performance may improve if their schools devote time to drama. Children from inner-London primaries achieved better than expected results in maths and reading tests after their schools took part in an outreach project run by the National Theatre. Ã¢â¬ (Literacy Trust) Such a boost is the result of the multifaceted levels of engagement and interactivity that drama provides for students. In addition to boosting literacy and math skills, researches have discovered that drama also enhances speaking and listening skills, which, in turn, enhance performances across the spectrum of scholastic activity: Ã¢â¬Å"drama can be a powerful tool to develop childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s speaking and listening skills: National Theatre children learned to speak more clearly and listen more attentively than their matches. Ã¢â¬ (Literacy Trust) Other cited benefits are: children who participated in drama in the classroom reported an increased enjoyment of school, higher self-esteem and self-confidence, a clearer ability to set and meet goals, and an enhanced understanding and interest in the creative arts: Ã¢â¬Å"When drama is used in literature-based reading programs, it often remains as simulated role play to recall and/or provide an alternative ending for all or part of a story. In order for a drama activity to enhance both literary and literacy development, the activities must engage the children in a thorough reading of the story. Ã¢â¬ (Hertzberg, 1998) The success of drama-enhanced curriculums may be connected to human brain function, thus demonstrating an organic merit to the dramatic form as a teaching technique and educational aid. Ã¢â¬Å"Education is now beginning to take account of recent research into the way the brain works and the ways in which children learn and to relate this to the teaching and learning of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s curriculum. The result is likely to be an increase in creative and multi-sensory approaches to teaching, linked to clearly defined learning objectives. Ã¢â¬Å"(Neelands, Baldwin & Fleming, 2003, p. 4) Because drama requires participation in group-work and interaction with sets of individuals all working toward a shared goal, text-work through dramatic readings and performances, Ã¢â¬Å"creates a sense of shared ownership through which children can investigate and develop characters, fill the gaps left in the text, reveal the subtext, and use their imaginations to bridge the divide between writer and reader, integrating and encompassing all aspects of literacy. (Neelands, Baldwin, and Fleming 5) Perhaps most importantly of all, the participation in drama encourages students to engage with texts emotionally, intellectually, and with a vested interest and connection to the material which seems to be absent from traditional learning methods. Ã¢â¬Å"Drama creates motivation for students to participate and facilitates studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ responses in reading instruction[Ã¢â¬ ¦ ]dramatization is a source of scaffolding for emergent readers by providing rich background experiences for future reading[Ã¢â¬ ¦ ] dramatization leads students to develop symbolic representation, which is the same concept children require in order to understand the alphabetic principle. Ã¢â¬ (Lin,2003). Other benefits certainly exist within the drama enhanced curriculum; only practice of the theoretic techniques and research will fully disclose the potential for this type of dynamic educational process. References Hertzberg, M. (1998). Theory into Practice: Using Drama to Enhance Literacy Development. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 21(2), 159+. Neelands, J. , Baldwin, P. , & Fleming, K. (2003). Teaching Literacy through Drama: Creative Approaches. London: RoutledgeFalmer. www. literacytrust. org. uk 3-31-07, accessed 4-9-07. http://www. literacytrust. org. uk/Database/drama. html#test Lin,Chia-Hui. Ã¢â¬Å"Literacy Instruction through Communicative and Visual ArtsÃ¢â¬ The Clearinghouse on Reading, English, and Communication Digest #186 12-03, Accessed 4-10-07. http://reading. indiana. edu/ieo/digests/d186. html
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Review of Alice Walkers essay on the creative spirit of her female ancestors Essays Review of Alice Walkers essay on the creative spirit of her female ancestors Paper Review of Alice Walkers essay on the creative spirit of her female ancestors Paper Essay Topic: Creative Alice Walker uses Virginia Woolfs phrase contrary instincts to describe the creative spirit that her female ancestors valued while working and living in oppressive conditions. Throughout Walkers essay she made many connections between these contrary instincts and how she perceived the constraints on the knowledge of women in her childhood era. Although, the knowledge Walker talks about in her essays is not the kind that most people think of when they hear the word. It is the knowledge and creative spirit of ourselves that she talks about; the primary source of what we need to get us through life. She made the relation of how women used art to express their creative spirit; their knowledge. Walker depicted how her ancestors expressed their knowledge through their creative spirits, whether it be through sewing a quilt or creating a garden. She tries to get us to realize that all we have to do is to find our hidden creative spirit and that will be where we will find our knowledge. Walker speaks about how creative spirit can be passed down from generation to generation. At the age of 17 Walkers mother ran away from home to be married. While taking care of six children, Alices mother also had to battle with a white landlord over her childrens education, make clothes for all of her children, make sheets and towels, can vegetables and fruits, and still find some time in the day to make quilts. Alices mother barely had time to deal with obstacles pertaining to her own creative spirit. Alice looked up to her mother because of all the suffering she endured while finding time for herself to be creative with her flower garden. According to Alices views on the heredity of someones creative spirit, she believes that her creativity came from her mother. Walker states that We have constantly looked high, when we should have looked high- and low (744). She is referring to the fact that maybe the things that hold people back are the things that make our creative spirit. Sometimes people search for their creative spirit in some of the most interesting of places, when it is usually right there in front of them. Alice continues to speak of a quilt that is hanging in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D. C. The quilt was made by an unknown black woman in Alabama from bits and pieces of insignificant rags. Even though it is only bits and pieces of someones creative spirit, it still shows right through the meaningless pieces of cloth. Looking back at the lives of my mother and grandmother I can only see these two women completely lost in a sea of children and chores. When could they find the time to let their creative spirits loose? Then I read Walkers piece and my eyes opened. Id forgotten about the gardens. As in In search of my mothers gardens both my mother and grandmother have gardens. They planted flowers, ferns, and vines. They gave each other clippings from their most mature plants so that the plant could grow in the others garden. The two of them would tour each others garden to talk about what was growing well that season or which plant was on its last leg. Gardening was the common thread that bonded them as mother and daughter, and as women. They intertwined their creative spirits with nature to create gardens-to create themselves. Alice Walker challenges us, as art does, to make sure that we do not overlook what might be true to our existence; of who we really are. She is trying to get us to look deeper than we thought we ever could, to find our creative spirit, our knowledge and heritage and to give it new life. a woman who still struggles to sing the song that was your gift,.. It is not so much that you sang, as that you kept alive, in so many of our ancestors, the notion of song. (743) We cannot let our voices be muffled by your own lack of awareness. Walker is showing us that it is our responsibility to represent our mothers and grandmothers voices, to keep their creative spirit burning through the night; and when we die it will not be a flame being put out, but a candle being extinguished so that the morning sun can shine. Judging an artist based on skin color or gender will get us nowhere. A piece of art can challenge your opinions, inspire your creative spirit, and take you on a journey to find your hidden knowledge. Art asks the viewer to go deeper to find the true core of their creative spirit. We must know a piece of arts history to do it justice. If we do not know its background behind a piece of art, we are only confusing ourselves even more, thereby depriving ourselves of history, which certainly belongs to us. It is in these artistic expressions that Walker tries to get us to find our creative spirit. For her mother it was her garden, as it is for my mother. Walker tries to get us to understand that our creative spirit is the knowledge of ourselves, and that our spirit is all we need to get us through life. Through art and other forms of creative spirit, we find knowledge; of what came before us and of the things that are passed on from our relatives. Our creative spirit and knowledge is who we are and what we do. There is always room for us to grow through out our life time, to expand on the knowledge that we will pass down to our kids. In a sense it is as though our creative spirit is our trademark. When Walker chose the title for her piece, In Search of Our Mothers Gardens, she made it very appropriate and fitting to the inflection towards knowledge and self discovery. When examining the essay from a literal level, you see that Alice was looking at her mothers garden as an example of Woolfs contrary instincts, and the creative spirit that she was so curious about. Whereas examining her work from a symbolic level, the title is plural, showing that there are other people that may be in search of the creative spirit that is passed down from generation to generation; although it may not necessarily be in the form of a physical garden. Whereas instead people are still looking for their symbolic garden which Walker tries to get us to see. Through out her essay Walker shows us that it is not the diploma in our hand, but the spirit in our heart that will guide us to happiness in our life.
Monday, November 4, 2019
Why more and more college students are taking online classes - Essay Example Most of the students use to take online classes when they faced difficulty in scheduling the needed classes due to their busy routines of being full time workers, older, married or having responsibilities of children and other family members (Pearson Foundation, 2010). Students sometimes also failed to get enrolled due to overbooked or closed session and then take online classes. It is due to wide array of benefits associated with online courses that the college students are widely turning towards online classes. Online classes offer high level of flexibility and it became easily possible for the students to schedule their classes from their homes or any other place when they get time to spend on the studies. Like real colleges, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to take time for going colleges neither they have to think about travelling towards college to avoid missing the class at specific time (Schworm, 2008). The college students are also widely taking online classes due to the availability of wide array of options regarding the selection of courses, subjects, diplomas and degree programs. They have many choices in front of them and can choose any one of their interest regardless of physical presence of the college near their place. The online classes often offer lower tuition rates as compared with the fee of many traditional colleges. The students donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to spend on buying text books because most of the online classes do not require students to buy books but they provide material through EBooks or other online resources like downloadable lectures, notes, assignments and reading material etc. In the way the overall expenses of the studies became lower and it became easy for the students to manage their studies with even lower budgets (Schworm, 2008). Online classes allow choosing the study timing according to the convenience. The college students can easily plan
Saturday, November 2, 2019
The Impact of Cinematography and Editing Options - Movie Review Example The paper will analyze the movie Wizard of Oz. Cinematography and editing options like color, focus, transitions, lighting, and camera shots influence the placement and movement of characters and props in the scene showing Dorothy leaving Kansas for Oz (Leroy, 1939). Black and white colors defined movies produced in the 1930s (Dirks, n.d). However, the movie Wizard of Oz was the first movie of the 1930s to depict multiple colors as seen in the camera shot below (Leroy, 1939). The above camera shot shows the lighting placed between the character and the foreground. Apparently, the cinematographer moved the rear light behind the plant and on the right side of the shot but in front of the main character. Additionally, there are two front lights positioned in front of this character. The left light is on the lower side while the right light is on the high side, which facilitates the highlight of Dorothy and the colored plant with no visible shadows. The cinematographer did the camera sho t with a backdrop shot of the black and white house on the background that defined immense creativity at the time. Indeed, the producers introduce the first color shot in the film when the main character opens the door to see Oz and the yellow brick road that leads to this destination (Leroy, 1939). The cinematographer relies on double exposed film to blur DorothyÃ¢â¬â¢s image depicting a dream. The camera shot shown below shows a spiraling house with the main character on it defining the journey to Oz (Leroy, 1939).
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Provide a balanced discussion of the factors that a medium to large sized company should consider before adopting an ERP system - Assignment Example Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is a process by which a company or manufacturer manages and integrates an important part of his business. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s business world, ERP playÃ¢â¬â¢s an extensive role in the field of business and information technology. Global strategy leader, Arthur D. Little spoke about ERP and quotes: Ã¢â¬Å"it is conquering the world. Almost every important company is more or less in its hand.Ã¢â¬ (ERP) There are several kinds of ERP software, but SAP is the most famous and acknowledged one. The acronym of SAP is Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing. It is used around the globe to access the needs of the customers and offer them with widespread range of services and facilities. Leading resource companies such as Comal co Ltd., Sasol Synfuels International (Pty) Ltd. and Sasol Mining (Pty) Ltd effectively use SAP to manage assets, improve productivity and attain better decision-making abilities. ERP has not only helped large global fi rms earn gigantic amounts of revenues but small and medium enterprises also avail this system for procuring profits. It is the invaluable technology tool for the companies to increase productivity, profitability, sales and service. The implementation of ERP system does not limit to the size of the organization but the fact that where the system is implemented. Both developing and developed countries are applying and implementing ERPs. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES INHERIT IN AN ERP SYSTEM: ERP system has brought revolution to the entire framework of supervising industries. ERP system is not a stand-alone system and so, companies that fail to utilize this find themselves difficult to function with each other. It facilitates operational coordination across functional companies. It is important for medium and large scale companies to have complete knowledge of its competitorÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy and policies. Not only this, ERP system has a standard of collecting all business areas in one system which would makes it easier for companies to compete on the same benchmark. The foremost advantage of an ERP system is that it saves time and brings down the costs of large corporations. Large firms cannot risk wasting their time in procedural maneuvers and unwanted delays. It ensures quick processing of information and reduces the burden of paperwork. It is difficult to manage large firms without proper records, and so ERP system maintains work effectively with minimum chances of error. ERP system aims for perfection; it keeps track of its order. It serves the customers efficiently by way of prompt response and follow up. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s the case of queries of the customers or in the payment, ERP system provides them with ease in every procedure and administers them with detailed information. ERP system also excels in accounting applications. It can incorporate the cost, profit, revenue information of sales that are made by the company. It is responsible for altering the product, and upgrading it order to capture a wider audience. It can make amazing quality products by mere design engineering. Large firms are required to have greater security, for which ERP system are considered to be ideal as they are an indispensable tool in the area of security. It protects the company against some considerable crimes such as embezzlement or industrial espionage, thus safeguarding the company from massive losses every year. Large
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
The benefits of open source software within the government and business sector - Essay Example The open-source software is developing rapidly and their functionalities are highly competitive and in fact much better than closed-source software. Above all, all of the above advantages come at a very minimal price, not even a fraction of what is spent on the closed-source software. But, having said that, there are several disadvantages that could pose a threat to the future of open-source software. So, when considering all the pros and cons of open-source technology, the Information System (IS) managers have a very hard task in their hands on deciding whether to go for this kind of software. There are several issues that a manager has to look forward, the primary criteria, of course, to be in contention as the leader in a competitive industry. So, this decision aids a lot in deciding the future of an organization. An IS manager has to take into account, the cost involved, security, efficiency, throughput, servicing, innovation and several other issues that lead to take this crucial decision. An analysis of the benefits attained by several government organizations and private organizations and the predicted growth of these org anizations is discussed here. This includes a detailed discussion of the features of open-source software, the role of a manager with regard to open-source software, the current trends and the future of organizations implementing open-source software. The analysis concludes with the best practices for managers in organizations implementing this technology.(Fanini, 2005) Open source, in general terms, is a method followed to allow global accessibility to the source of a product. It allows people from different regions, to access the code, innovate it and improve the functionality of the software. Open source became popular only after the spread of internet, with many people from several regions getting a common point of access. It is a distributed process when compared to the centralized closed-source development. The open source
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Heteromultimeric Channels Formed by Potassium Channel Heteromultimeric channels formed by rat brain potassium-channel proteins SUMMARY Coexpression of RCK specific mRNAs in several regions of the brain suggested the presence of heteromultimeric potassium channels. These differ in properties compared to several copies of identical subunits in homomultimeric potassium channels, hence provides diversity. The aim of this study was to understand the components and compositions of the heteromultimeric potassium channels. RCK proteins are vital in the formation of the voltage-gated potassium channels. Normally species containing RCK proteins have homomultimeric potassium channels. In this experiment rats RCK variants: RCK1 and RCK4 were expressed in Xenopus oocytes and HeLa cells and tested their sensitivity against a K+ channel blocker (TEA). Normally K+ channels in HeLa cells do not rectify outward currents. However transfecting with plasmids consisting either cDNA RCK1 or cDNA RCK4, both resulted in outward rectifying K+ current. According to the method by Chen and Okayama, they were cultured by a standard protocol. Same pulse and cells were tested using the whole-cell patch configuration to measure the current. RCK1 and RCK4 channels both mediated a transient K+ outward current. In the presence of TEA, RCK4 is completely insensitive with 50% recovery time of 7.3(+/-3.4)s. Whereas RCK1 channels showed high sensitivity with complete blockage of current. However when cotransfection of cDNA RCK1,4 into HeLA cells resulted in a depolarising voltage step to 0mV, with outward currents consisting of an initial transient current followed by a non-inactivating component. In addition to TEA, similar expression as RCK1 channels with sensitivity and almost half blockage of current at 10mM, with 50% recovery time of 2.1(+/-0.5)s . F urther, increase in TEA to 100mM lead to complete blockage of the currents. Therefore due to different expression from homomultimeric RCK4 channels, these suggested that the cotransfection either mediated homomultimeric RCK1 channels or heteromultimeric channels being indistinguishable from RCK1 channels. Further examining of differing properties in voltage-dependent gating and conductance of the channels mediating the transient currents was done by injecting RCKs into Xenopus oocyte with cRNAs. Cell-attached marco patches configuration was used, allowing more voltage control with the presence of 10mM TEA solution. The oocyte was injected with cRNA RCKs and results of peak amplitudes of the transient currents against the voltage obtained were graphed, enabling the analysis of the saturation and inactivation behaviour. Paired conditioning and test pulses both were made to avoid test-pulse involved inactivation. Oocytes with RCK4 specific cRNA resulted in transient current peak showing no saturation until 40mV and began to inactivate during the test pulse, with 16.5(+-2.5)s at 50% recovery. Whereas coinjected RCK1,4 cRNA showed steep and shifted about 15mV towards more positive potential (~20mV) inactivation curve, with 5.7(+/-1.8)s at 50% recovery. This implied little inactivation duri ng the test pulse with faster recovery compared to RCK4 specific. Examining the gating of K+ channels resulted in linear and superlinear shape for coinjected and RCK4 specific oocytes channel opening respectively. Therefore the saturation and response of open gated channel from both coinjected HeLa and transfected oocyte cells support the characteristic of the opening of different channels and not from different activation kinetics. RCK 1,4 combinations showed intermediate sensitivity and faster recovery from inactivation to DTX and TEA, compared to homomultimeric RCK1 and RCK4 subunits. Results showed that RCK 1,4 inactivation were similar to RCK4 and single channel conductance being similar to RCK1. Overall, these results strongly support the suggestion of coexpression of RCK1 and RCK4 subunits which assemble to make a heteromultimeric RCK 1,4 channels with differing properties from homomultimeric channels.
Friday, October 25, 2019
The U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Was Justified Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Vietnam conflict has been known for being the most unpopular war in the history of the United States. The war of 1812, the Mexican war and the Korean conflict of the early 1950's were also opposed by large groups of the American people, but none of them generated the emotional anxiety and utter hatred that spawned Vietnam. The Vietnam war caused people to ask the question of sending our young people to die in places where they were particular wanted and for people who did not seem especial grateful. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Vietnam has a very rich and cultural diverse background dating all the way back to 1066 when William the Conqueror invaded and paved the way for English colonization. The French had been colonizing since the 19th century. The French role in Vietnams history is critical; they started out by bringing these simple peasants to the latest technology of farming and hunting (Yancey 37). The French helped these people out greatly in the beginning, but like all stories of occupation go they just got worse. They started forcing rules and laws on the people of Vietnam. Thus started the First Vietnam War, also known as the Indochina War between France and Vietnam. "The French possessed military superiority, but the Vietnamese had already the hearts and minds of the country. (38). Even from the beginning the Vietnamese had the odds to there favor. The French looked at the wars in numbers and how many lost on each side. They gathered from all the battles that they were winning because the Vietnamese casualties far outweighed the French; nonetheless they were wrong. To a certain point the French were fighting a game that they could not win at any cost. The French had the military superiority but the Vietnamese had the manpower and the Guerilla tactics. The Indochina War ended with French loosing terrible at Dienbienphu, where a whole French garrison was wiped out. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã When Vietnamese revolutionary Ho Chi Minh and his political organization, the Vietminh, seized control of their independence from France United States Politicians saw it as another communist take over. When really Ho was more a nationalist than a communist. All Minh wanted was for the United States to recognize its independence from France and to send aid to help it reach its nationalistic goals. "Before the Cold War Ho and the Vietmin... ... of South Vietnam that resulted in the fall of Saigon on 30 April. In the previous month a RAAF detachment of 8 Hercules transports flew humanitarian missions to aid civilian refugees displaced by the fighting, and carried out the evacuation of Vietnamese orphans before finally taking out embassy staff on 25 April (Dudley 179). The US did the same exact thing except there were many people left behind that we could not transport due to the importance of emptying out embassy. Over fifty countries pooled resources together but out of all the United States had a much bigger sacrifice, the ultimate sacrifice, the sacrifice of our young men. These men started coming into Vietnam as early as 1962.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Vietnam War was a very mismanaged war but our involvement was very crucial. Some people believe that the side we were on was wrong, and the author of this completely agrees. Ho Chi Minh was really a quite conservative communist leader. He was fair and he was also was balanced. He treated his people very fairly. The beliefs of the author are that if Truman would have not set the precedent of opposing all communist leaders than the Vietnam War would have been a lot different. The U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Was Justified Essay example -- The U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Was Justified Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Vietnam conflict has been known for being the most unpopular war in the history of the United States. The war of 1812, the Mexican war and the Korean conflict of the early 1950's were also opposed by large groups of the American people, but none of them generated the emotional anxiety and utter hatred that spawned Vietnam. The Vietnam war caused people to ask the question of sending our young people to die in places where they were particular wanted and for people who did not seem especial grateful. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Vietnam has a very rich and cultural diverse background dating all the way back to 1066 when William the Conqueror invaded and paved the way for English colonization. The French had been colonizing since the 19th century. The French role in Vietnams history is critical; they started out by bringing these simple peasants to the latest technology of farming and hunting (Yancey 37). The French helped these people out greatly in the beginning, but like all stories of occupation go they just got worse. They started forcing rules and laws on the people of Vietnam. Thus started the First Vietnam War, also known as the Indochina War between France and Vietnam. "The French possessed military superiority, but the Vietnamese had already the hearts and minds of the country. (38). Even from the beginning the Vietnamese had the odds to there favor. The French looked at the wars in numbers and how many lost on each side. They gathered from all the battles that they were winning because the Vietnamese casualties far outweighed the French; nonetheless they were wrong. To a certain point the French were fighting a game that they could not win at any cost. The French had the military superiority but the Vietnamese had the manpower and the Guerilla tactics. The Indochina War ended with French loosing terrible at Dienbienphu, where a whole French garrison was wiped out. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã When Vietnamese revolutionary Ho Chi Minh and his political organization, the Vietminh, seized control of their independence from France United States Politicians saw it as another communist take over. When really Ho was more a nationalist than a communist. All Minh wanted was for the United States to recognize its independence from France and to send aid to help it reach its nationalistic goals. "Before the Cold War Ho and the Vietmin... ... of South Vietnam that resulted in the fall of Saigon on 30 April. In the previous month a RAAF detachment of 8 Hercules transports flew humanitarian missions to aid civilian refugees displaced by the fighting, and carried out the evacuation of Vietnamese orphans before finally taking out embassy staff on 25 April (Dudley 179). The US did the same exact thing except there were many people left behind that we could not transport due to the importance of emptying out embassy. Over fifty countries pooled resources together but out of all the United States had a much bigger sacrifice, the ultimate sacrifice, the sacrifice of our young men. These men started coming into Vietnam as early as 1962.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Vietnam War was a very mismanaged war but our involvement was very crucial. Some people believe that the side we were on was wrong, and the author of this completely agrees. Ho Chi Minh was really a quite conservative communist leader. He was fair and he was also was balanced. He treated his people very fairly. The beliefs of the author are that if Truman would have not set the precedent of opposing all communist leaders than the Vietnam War would have been a lot different.